Verb form V3 (the past participle) 5/5 (1)

There can be up to five different forms of verbs, usually referred to as V1, V2, V3, V4 and V5. Verbs are simply words that express action or a certain state of being.

The past participle of regular verbs is identical to the preterite (past tense) form, just by adding –ed (or –d in some cases) to the end of the root form of the verb. The past participle of irregular verbs is tricky and should be memorized.

Examples:

Infinitive (regular verb) Present Simple Past Simple Past Participle
to explain I explain We explained explained
You explain You explained
He / She / It explains They explained

 

Infinitive (irregular verb) Present Simple Past Simple Past Participle
to fall I fall We fell fallen
You fall You fell
He / She / It falls They fell

 

Here are four common uses of past participles:

  1. The past participle is used with “have” auxiliaries(helping verbs) in active voice

Example: She has explained her attitude.

  1. The past participle is used after “be” auxiliaries in passive voice.:

Example: I was born in 1977.

  1. The past participle is sometimes used in a phrase to supply additional information.

Example: The ideas explained to the management are important.

  1. The past participle is sometimes used as an adjective.

Example: The received goods were sold.

 

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