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Conjugation of verb (past tense) listen

A1

Infinitive

listen

/ˈlɪs.ən/

Past simple

listened

/ˈlɪsn̩d/

Past participle

listened

/ˈlɪsn̩d/





Conjugation of the regular verb [listen]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.


The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.


Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an irregular verb.

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Present

I
listen 
you
listen 
he/she/it
listens 
we
listen 
you
listen 
they
listen 

Present Continuous

I
am listening 
you
are listening 
he/she/it
is listening 
we
are listening 
you
are listening 
they
are listening 

Past simple

I
listened 
you
listened 
he/she/it
listened 
we
listened 
you
listened 
they
listened 

Past Continuous

I
was listening 
you
were listening 
he/she/it
was listening 
we
were listening 
you
were listening 
they
were listening 

Present perfect

I
have listened 
you
have listened 
he/she/it
has listened 
we
have listened 
you
have listened 
they
have listened 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been listening 
you
have been listening 
he/she/it
has been listening 
we
have been listening 
you
have been listening 
they
have been listening 

Past perfect

I
had listened 
you
had listened 
he/she/it
had listened 
we
had listened 
you
had listened 
they
had listened 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been listening 
you
had been listening 
he/she/it
had been listening 
we
had been listening 
you
had been listening 
they
had been listening 

Future

I
will listen 
you
will listen 
he/she/it
will listen 
we
will listen 
you
will listen 
they
will listen 

Future continuous

I
will be listening 
you
will be listening 
he/she/it
will be listening 
we
will be listening 
you
will be listening 
they
will be listening 

Future perfect

I
will have listened 
you
will have listened 
he/she/it
will have listened 
we
will have listened 
you
will have listened 
they
will have listened 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been listening 
you
will have been listening 
he/she/it
will have been listening 
we
will have been listening 
you
will have been listening 
they
will have been listening 

Conditional of the regular verb [listen]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.


The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.


English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would listen 
you
would listen 
he/she/it
would listen 
we
would listen 
you
would listen 
they
would listen 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be listening 
you
would be listening 
he/she/it
would be listening 
we
would be listening 
you
would be listening 
they
would be listening 

Conditional perfect

I
would have listened 
you
would have listened 
he/she/it
would have listened 
we
would have listened 
you
would have listened 
they
would have listened 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been listening 
you
would have been listening 
he/she/it
would have been listening 
we
would have been listening 
you
would have been listening 
they
would have been listening 

Subjunktiv of the regular verb [listen]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.


Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."


The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
listen 
you
listen 
he/she/it
listen 
we
listen 
you
listen 
they
listen 

Past subjunctive

I
listened 
you
listened 
he/she/it
listened 
we
listened 
you
listened 
they
listened 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had listened 
you
had listened 
he/she/it
had listened 
we
had listened 
you
had listened 
they
had listened 

Imperativ of the regular verb [listen]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
listen 
you
Let´s listen 
he/she/it
listen 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the regular verb [listen]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
listening 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
listened 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the regular verb [listen]

Listen out for

Listen up













regular verbs & Irregular verbs