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Conjugation of verb (past tense)

A1

cross

Infinitive

cross

/kɹɒs/

Past simple

crossed

/kɹɒst/

Past participle

crossed

/kɹɒst/




   
   

Conjugation of the irregular verb [cross]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

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Present

I
cross 
you
cross 
he/she/it
crosses 
we
cross 
you
cross 
they
cross 

Present Continuous

I
am crossing 
you
are crossing 
he/she/it
is crossing 
we
are crossing 
you
are crossing 
they
are crossing 

Past simple

I
crossed 
you
crossed 
he/she/it
crossed 
we
crossed 
you
crossed 
they
crossed 

Past Continuous

I
was crossing 
you
were crossing 
he/she/it
was crossing 
we
were crossing 
you
were crossing 
they
were crossing 

Present perfect

I
have crossed 
you
have crossed 
he/she/it
has crossed 
we
have crossed 
you
have crossed 
they
have crossed 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been crossing 
you
have been crossing 
he/she/it
has been crossing 
we
have been crossing 
you
have been crossing 
they
have been crossing 

Past perfect

I
had crossed 
you
had crossed 
he/she/it
had crossed 
we
had crossed 
you
had crossed 
they
had crossed 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been crossing 
you
had been crossing 
he/she/it
had been crossing 
we
had been crossing 
you
had been crossing 
they
had been crossing 

Future

I
will cross 
you
will cross 
he/she/it
will cross 
we
will cross 
you
will cross 
they
will cross 

Future continuous

I
will be crossing 
you
will be crossing 
he/she/it
will be crossing 
we
will be crossing 
you
will be crossing 
they
will be crossing 

Future perfect

I
will have crossed 
you
will have crossed 
he/she/it
will have crossed 
we
will have crossed 
you
will have crossed 
they
will have crossed 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been crossing 
you
will have been crossing 
he/she/it
will have been crossing 
we
will have been crossing 
you
will have been crossing 
they
will have been crossing 

Conditional of the irregular verb [cross]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would cross 
you
would cross 
he/she/it
would cross 
we
would cross 
you
would cross 
they
would cross 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be crossing 
you
would be crossing 
he/she/it
would be crossing 
we
would be crossing 
you
would be crossing 
they
would be crossing 

Conditional perfect

I
would have crossed 
you
would have crossed 
he/she/it
would have crossed 
we
would have crossed 
you
would have crossed 
they
would have crossed 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been crossing 
you
would have been crossing 
he/she/it
would have been crossing 
we
would have been crossing 
you
would have been crossing 
they
would have been crossing 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [cross]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
cross 
you
cross 
he/she/it
cross 
we
cross 
you
cross 
they
cross 

Past subjunctive

I
crossed 
you
crossed 
he/she/it
crossed 
we
crossed 
you
crossed 
they
crossed 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had crossed 
you
had crossed 
he/she/it
had crossed 
we
had crossed 
you
had crossed 
they
had crossed 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [cross]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
cross 
you
Let´s cross 
he/she/it
cross 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the irregular verb [cross]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
crossing 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
crossed 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [cross]

Cross off

Cross out

Cross up













regular verbs & Irregular verbs