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Conjugation of verb (past tense) abstain

Infinitive

abstain

/əbˈsteɪn/

Past simple

abstained

/əbˈsteɪn/

Past participle

abstained

/əbˈsteɪn/





Conjugation of the regular verb [abstain]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.


The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.


Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an irregular verb.

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Present

I
abstain 
you
abstain 
he/she/it
abstains 
we
abstain 
you
abstain 
they
abstain 

Present Continuous

I
am abstaining 
you
are abstaining 
he/she/it
is abstaining 
we
are abstaining 
you
are abstaining 
they
are abstaining 

Past simple

I
abstained 
you
abstained 
he/she/it
abstained 
we
abstained 
you
abstained 
they
abstained 

Past Continuous

I
was abstaining 
you
were abstaining 
he/she/it
was abstaining 
we
were abstaining 
you
were abstaining 
they
were abstaining 

Present perfect

I
have abstained 
you
have abstained 
he/she/it
has abstained 
we
have abstained 
you
have abstained 
they
have abstained 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been abstaining 
you
have been abstaining 
he/she/it
has been abstaining 
we
have been abstaining 
you
have been abstaining 
they
have been abstaining 

Past perfect

I
had abstained 
you
had abstained 
he/she/it
had abstained 
we
had abstained 
you
had abstained 
they
had abstained 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been abstaining 
you
had been abstaining 
he/she/it
had been abstaining 
we
had been abstaining 
you
had been abstaining 
they
had been abstaining 

Future

I
will abstain 
you
will abstain 
he/she/it
will abstain 
we
will abstain 
you
will abstain 
they
will abstain 

Future continuous

I
will be abstaining 
you
will be abstaining 
he/she/it
will be abstaining 
we
will be abstaining 
you
will be abstaining 
they
will be abstaining 

Future perfect

I
will have abstained 
you
will have abstained 
he/she/it
will have abstained 
we
will have abstained 
you
will have abstained 
they
will have abstained 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been abstaining 
you
will have been abstaining 
he/she/it
will have been abstaining 
we
will have been abstaining 
you
will have been abstaining 
they
will have been abstaining 

Conditional of the regular verb [abstain]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.


The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.


English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would abstain 
you
would abstain 
he/she/it
would abstain 
we
would abstain 
you
would abstain 
they
would abstain 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be abstaining 
you
would be abstaining 
he/she/it
would be abstaining 
we
would be abstaining 
you
would be abstaining 
they
would be abstaining 

Conditional perfect

I
would have abstained 
you
would have abstained 
he/she/it
would have abstained 
we
would have abstained 
you
would have abstained 
they
would have abstained 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been abstaining 
you
would have been abstaining 
he/she/it
would have been abstaining 
we
would have been abstaining 
you
would have been abstaining 
they
would have been abstaining 

Subjunktiv of the regular verb [abstain]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.


Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."


The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
abstain 
you
abstain 
he/she/it
abstain 
we
abstain 
you
abstain 
they
abstain 

Past subjunctive

I
abstained 
you
abstained 
he/she/it
abstained 
we
abstained 
you
abstained 
they
abstained 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had abstained 
you
had abstained 
he/she/it
had abstained 
we
had abstained 
you
had abstained 
they
had abstained 

Imperativ of the regular verb [abstain]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
abstain 
you
Let´s abstain 
he/she/it
abstain 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the regular verb [abstain]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
abstaining 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
abstained 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 













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