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Irregular verb saw


C2

Infinitive

saw

[sɔː]

Past simple

sawed

[sɔːd]

Past participle

sawed

sawn

[sɔːd /sɔːn]




   
   

Conjugation of the irregular verb [saw]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

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Present

I
saw 
you
saw 
he/she/it
saws 
we
saw 
you
saw 
they
saws 

Present Continuous

I
am sawing 
you
are sawing 
he/she/it
is sawing 
we
am sawing 
you
are sawing 
they
is sawing 

Past simple

I
sawed 
you
sawed 
he/she/it
sawed 
we
sawed 
you
sawed 
they
sawed 

Past Continuous

I
was sawing 
you
were sawing 
he/she/it
was sawing 
we
was sawing 
you
were sawing 
they
was sawing 

Present perfect

I
have sawn (E) 
you
have sawn (E) 
he/she/it
has sawn (E) 
we
have sawn (E) 
you
have sawn (E) 
they
has sawn (E) 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been sawing 
you
have been sawing 
he/she/it
has been sawing 
we
have been sawing 
you
have been sawing 
they
has been sawing 

Past perfect

I
had sawn 
you
had sawn 
he/she/it
had sawn 
we
had sawn 
you
had sawn 
they
had sawn 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been sawing 
you
had been sawing 
he/she/it
had been sawing 
we
had been sawing 
you
had been sawing 
they
had been sawing 

Future

I
will saw 
you
will saw 
he/she/it
will saw 
we
will saw 
you
will saw 
they
will saw 

Future continuous

I
will be sawing 
you
will be sawing 
he/she/it
will be sawing 
we
will be sawing 
you
will be sawing 
they
will be sawing 

Future perfect

I
will have sawn 
you
will have sawn 
he/she/it
will have sawn 
we
will have sawn 
you
will have sawn 
they
will have sawn 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been sawing 
you
will have been sawing 
he/she/it
will have been sawing 
we
will have been sawing 
you
will have been sawing 
they
will have been sawing 

Conditional of the irregular verb [saw]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would saw 
you
would saw 
he/she/it
would saw 
we
would saw 
you
would saw 
they
would saw 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be sawing 
you
would be sawing 
he/she/it
would be sawing 
we
would be sawing 
you
would be sawing 
they
would be sawing 

Conditional perfect

I
would have sawn 
you
would have sawn 
he/she/it
would have sawn 
we
would have sawn 
you
would have sawn 
they
would have sawn 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been sawing 
you
would have been sawing 
he/she/it
would have been sawing 
we
would have been sawing 
you
would have been sawing 
they
would have been sawing 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [saw]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
saw 
you
saw 
he/she/it
saw 
we
saw 
you
saw 
they
saw 

Past subjunctive

I
sawed 
you
sawed 
he/she/it
sawed 
we
sawed 
you
sawed 
they
sawed 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had sawn 
you
had sawn 
he/she/it
had sawn 
we
had sawn 
you
had sawn 
they
had sawn 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [saw]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
saw 
you
Let´s saw 
he/she/it
saw 
we
saw 
you
Let´s saw 
they
saw 

Participle of the irregular verb [saw]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
sawing 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
sawing 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
sawn 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
sawn 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [saw]

saw down

saw off

saw up













Irregular verbs