LEARNIV.com  >  en  >  English irregular verbs  >  lie


Irregular verb (past tense) lie

A2

Infinitive

lie

[laɪ]

Past simple

lay

[leɪ]

Past participle

lain

lien *

[leɪn]
[laɪn]


* This form is obsolete or used only in particular cases or dialects.




Related irregular verbs:

Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

forelay

forelain
forelien

forlay

forlain
forlien

overlay

overlain
overlien

underlay

underlain
underlien


Conjugation of the irregular verb [lie]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

  ...   ... More information

Present

I
lie 
you
lie 
he/she/it
lies 
we
lie 
you
lie 
they
lie 

Present Continuous

I
am lying 
you
are lying 
he/she/it
is lying 
we
are lying 
you
are lying 
they
are lying 

Past simple

I
lay; lied 
you
lay; lied 
he/she/it
lay; lied 
we
lay; lied 
you
lay; lied 
they
lay; lied 

Past Continuous

I
was lying 
you
were lying 
he/she/it
was lying 
we
were lying 
you
were lying 
they
were lying 

Present perfect

I
have lain; lied 
you
have lain; lied 
he/she/it
has lain; lied 
we
have lain; lied 
you
have lain; lied 
they
have lain; lied 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been lying 
you
have been lying 
he/she/it
has been lying 
we
have been lying 
you
have been lying 
they
have been lying 

Past perfect

I
had lain; lied 
you
had lain; lied 
he/she/it
had lain; lied 
we
had lain; lied 
you
had lain; lied 
they
had lain; lied 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been lying 
you
had been lying 
he/she/it
had been lying 
we
had been lying 
you
had been lying 
they
had been lying 

Future

I
will lie 
you
will lie 
he/she/it
will lie 
we
will lie 
you
will lie 
they
will lie 

Future continuous

I
will be lying 
you
will be lying 
he/she/it
will be lying 
we
will be lying 
you
will be lying 
they
will be lying 

Future perfect

I
will have lain; lied 
you
will have lain; lied 
he/she/it
will have lain; lied 
we
will have lain; lied 
you
will have lain; lied 
they
will have lain; lied 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been lying 
you
will have been lying 
he/she/it
will have been lying 
we
will have been lying 
you
will have been lying 
they
will have been lying 

Conditional of the irregular verb [lie]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

  ...   ... More information

Conditional present

I
would lie 
you
would lie 
he/she/it
would lie 
we
would lie 
you
would lie 
they
would lie 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be lying 
you
would be lying 
he/she/it
would be lying 
we
would be lying 
you
would be lying 
they
would be lying 

Conditional perfect

I
would have lain; lied 
you
would have lain; lied 
he/she/it
would have lain; lied 
we
would have lain; lied 
you
would have lain; lied 
they
would have lain; lied 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been lying 
you
would have been lying 
he/she/it
would have been lying 
we
would have been lying 
you
would have been lying 
they
would have been lying 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [lie]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

  ...   ... More information

Present subjunctive

I
lie 
you
lie 
he/she/it
lie 
we
lie 
you
lie 
they
lie 

Past subjunctive

I
lay; lied 
you
lay; lied 
he/she/it
lay; lied 
we
lay; lied 
you
lay; lied 
they
lay; lied 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had lain; lied 
you
had lain; lied 
he/she/it
had lain; lied 
we
had lain; lied 
you
had lain; lied 
they
had lain; lied 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [lie]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

  ...   ... More information

Imperativ

I
lie 
you
Let´s lie 
he/she/it
lie 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the irregular verb [lie]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

  ...   ... More information

Present participle

I
lying 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
lain; lied 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [lie]

lie about

lie around

lie back

lie down

lie in

lie up













Irregular verbs