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Irregular verb lay


B1

Infinitive

lay

[leɪ]

Past simple

laid

[leɪd]
[leɪd]

Past participle

laid

[leɪd]
[leɪd]


* This form is obsolete or used only in particular cases or dialects.


   
   


Related irregular verbs:

Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

inlay

[ɪnˈleɪ]

inlaid
inlayed

[ɪnˈleɪd]
[ɪnˈleɪd]

inlaid
inlayed

[ɪnˈleɪd]
[ɪnˈleɪd]

interlay

[ɪntəˈleɪ]

interlaid
interlayed

[ɪntəˈleɪd]
[ɪntəˈleɪd]

interlaid
interlayed

[ɪntəˈleɪd]
[ɪntəˈleɪd]

outlaid
outlayed

outlaid
outlayed

belaid
belayed

belaid
belayed

forelaid
forelayed

forelaid
forelayed

forlaid
forlayed

forlaid
forlayed

mislaid
mislayed

mislaid
mislayed

onlaid
onlayed

onlaid
onlayed

overlaid
overlayed

overlaid
overlayed

re-laid
re-layed

re-laid
re-layed

underlaid
underlayed

underlaid
underlayed

unlaid
unlayed

unlaid
unlayed

uplaid
uplayed

uplaid
uplayed

waylaid
waylayed

waylaid
waylayed


Conjugation of the irregular verb [lay]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

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Present

I
lay 
you
lay 
he/she/it
lays 
we
lay 
you
lay 
they
lay 

Present Continuous

I
am laying 
you
are laying 
he/she/it
is laying 
we
are laying 
you
are laying 
they
are laying 

Past simple

I
laid 
you
laid 
he/she/it
laid 
we
laid 
you
laid 
they
laid 

Past Continuous

I
was laying 
you
were laying 
he/she/it
was laying 
we
were laying 
you
were laying 
they
were laying 

Present perfect

I
have laid 
you
have laid 
he/she/it
has laid 
we
have laid 
you
have laid 
they
have laid 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been laying 
you
have been laying 
he/she/it
has been laying 
we
have been laying 
you
have been laying 
they
have been laying 

Past perfect

I
had laid 
you
had laid 
he/she/it
had laid 
we
had laid 
you
had laid 
they
had laid 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been laying 
you
had been laying 
he/she/it
had been laying 
we
had been laying 
you
had been laying 
they
had been laying 

Future

I
will lay 
you
will lay 
he/she/it
will lay 
we
will lay 
you
will lay 
they
will lay 

Future continuous

I
will be laying 
you
will be laying 
he/she/it
will be laying 
we
will be laying 
you
will be laying 
they
will be laying 

Future perfect

I
will have laid 
you
will have laid 
he/she/it
will have laid 
we
will have laid 
you
will have laid 
they
will have laid 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been laying 
you
will have been laying 
he/she/it
will have been laying 
we
will have been laying 
you
will have been laying 
they
will have been laying 

Conditional of the irregular verb [lay]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would lay 
you
would lay 
he/she/it
would lay 
we
would lay 
you
would lay 
they
would lay 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be laying 
you
would be laying 
he/she/it
would be laying 
we
would be laying 
you
would be laying 
they
would be laying 

Conditional perfect

I
would have laid 
you
would have laid 
he/she/it
would have laid 
we
would have laid 
you
would have laid 
they
would have laid 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been laying 
you
would have been laying 
he/she/it
would have been laying 
we
would have been laying 
you
would have been laying 
they
would have been laying 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [lay]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
lay 
you
lay 
he/she/it
lay 
we
lay 
you
lay 
they
lay 

Past subjunctive

I
laid 
you
laid 
he/she/it
laid 
we
laid 
you
laid 
they
laid 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had laid 
you
had laid 
he/she/it
had laid 
we
had laid 
you
had laid 
they
had laid 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [lay]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
lay 
you
Let´s lay 
he/she/it
lay 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the irregular verb [lay]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
laying 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
laid 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [lay]

lay about

lay aside

lay away

lay back

lay before

lay by

lay down

lay in

lay into

lay off

lay on

lay out

lay up













Irregular verbs