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Irregular verb hold


A2

Infinitive

hold

[həʊld]

Past simple

held

[held]

Past participle

held

holden *

[held]
[həʊldn]


* This form is obsolete or used only in particular cases or dialects.


   
   


Related irregular verbs:

Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

behold

[bɪˈhəʊld]

beheld

[bɪˈheld]

beheld
beholden

[bɪˈheld]
[bɪhəʊldn]

withhold

[wɪðˈhəʊld]

withheld

[wɪðˈheld]

withheld
withholden

[wɪðˈheld]
[wɪðˈhəʊlpn]

uphold

[ˌʌpˈhəʊld]

upheld

[ˌʌpˈheld]

upheld
upholden

[ˌʌpˈheld]
[ˌʌpˈhəʊlpn]

inhold

[ɪnˈhəʊld]

inheld

[ɪnˈheld]

inheld
inholden

[ɪnˈheld]
[ɪnhəʊldn]

misheld

misheld
misholden


Conjugation of the irregular verb [hold]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

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Present

I
hold 
you
hold 
he/she/it
holds 
we
hold 
you
hold 
they
hold 

Present Continuous

I
am holding 
you
are holding 
he/she/it
is holding 
we
are holding 
you
are holding 
they
are holding 

Past simple

I
held 
you
held 
he/she/it
held 
we
held 
you
held 
they
held 

Past Continuous

I
was holding 
you
were holding 
he/she/it
was holding 
we
were holding 
you
were holding 
they
were holding 

Present perfect

I
have held 
you
have held 
he/she/it
has held 
we
have held 
you
have held 
they
have held 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been holding 
you
have been holding 
he/she/it
has been holding 
we
have been holding 
you
have been holding 
they
have been holding 

Past perfect

I
had held 
you
had held 
he/she/it
had held 
we
had held 
you
had held 
they
had held 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been holding 
you
had been holding 
he/she/it
had been holding 
we
had been holding 
you
had been holding 
they
had been holding 

Future

I
will hold 
you
will hold 
he/she/it
will hold 
we
will hold 
you
will hold 
they
will hold 

Future continuous

I
will be holding 
you
will be holding 
he/she/it
will be holding 
we
will be holding 
you
will be holding 
they
will be holding 

Future perfect

I
will have held 
you
will have held 
he/she/it
will have held 
we
will have held 
you
will have held 
they
will have held 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been holding 
you
will have been holding 
he/she/it
will have been holding 
we
will have been holding 
you
will have been holding 
they
will have been holding 

Conditional of the irregular verb [hold]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would hold 
you
would hold 
he/she/it
would hold 
we
would hold 
you
would hold 
they
would hold 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be holding 
you
would be holding 
he/she/it
would be holding 
we
would be holding 
you
would be holding 
they
would be holding 

Conditional perfect

I
would have held 
you
would have held 
he/she/it
would have held 
we
would have held 
you
would have held 
they
would have held 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been holding 
you
would have been holding 
he/she/it
would have been holding 
we
would have been holding 
you
would have been holding 
they
would have been holding 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [hold]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
hold 
you
hold 
he/she/it
hold 
we
hold 
you
hold 
they
hold 

Past subjunctive

I
held 
you
held 
he/she/it
held 
we
held 
you
held 
they
held 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had held 
you
had held 
he/she/it
had held 
we
had held 
you
had held 
they
had held 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [hold]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
hold 
you
Let´s hold 
he/she/it
hold 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the irregular verb [hold]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
holding 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
held 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [hold]

hold against

hold back

hold down

hold forth

hold in

hold off

hold on

hold on to

hold out

hold out on

hold over

hold to

hold together

hold under

hold up

hold with













Irregular verbs