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Irregular verb grind


C1

Infinitive

grind

[ɡraɪnd]

Past simple

ground

grinded

[ɡraʊnd]
[ɡraɪndid]

Past participle

ground

grinded

grounden *

[ɡraʊnd]
[ɡraɪndid]
[ɡraʊndn]


* This form is obsolete or used only in particular cases or dialects.


   
   

Conjugation of the irregular verb [grind]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

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Present

I
grind 
you
grind 
he/she/it
grinds 
we
grind 
you
grind 
they
grind 

Present Continuous

I
am grinding 
you
are grinding 
he/she/it
is grinding 
we
are grinding 
you
are grinding 
they
are grinding 

Past simple

I
ground 
you
ground 
he/she/it
ground 
we
ground 
you
ground 
they
ground 

Past Continuous

I
was grinding 
you
were grinding 
he/she/it
was grinding 
we
were grinding 
you
were grinding 
they
were grinding 

Present perfect

I
have ground 
you
have ground 
he/she/it
has ground 
we
have ground 
you
have ground 
they
have ground 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been grinding 
you
have been grinding 
he/she/it
has been grinding 
we
have been grinding 
you
have been grinding 
they
have been grinding 

Past perfect

I
had ground 
you
had ground 
he/she/it
had ground 
we
had ground 
you
had ground 
they
had ground 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been grinding 
you
had been grinding 
he/she/it
had been grinding 
we
had been grinding 
you
had been grinding 
they
had been grinding 

Future

I
will grind 
you
will grind 
he/she/it
will grind 
we
will grind 
you
will grind 
they
will grind 

Future continuous

I
will be grinding 
you
will be grinding 
he/she/it
will be grinding 
we
will be grinding 
you
will be grinding 
they
will be grinding 

Future perfect

I
will have ground 
you
will have ground 
he/she/it
will have ground 
we
will have ground 
you
will have ground 
they
will have ground 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been grinding 
you
will have been grinding 
he/she/it
will have been grinding 
we
will have been grinding 
you
will have been grinding 
they
will have been grinding 

Conditional of the irregular verb [grind]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would grind 
you
would grind 
he/she/it
would grind 
we
would grind 
you
would grind 
they
would grind 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be grinding 
you
would be grinding 
he/she/it
would be grinding 
we
would be grinding 
you
would be grinding 
they
would be grinding 

Conditional perfect

I
would have ground 
you
would have ground 
he/she/it
would have ground 
we
would have ground 
you
would have ground 
they
would have ground 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been grinding 
you
would have been grinding 
he/she/it
would have been grinding 
we
would have been grinding 
you
would have been grinding 
they
would have been grinding 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [grind]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
grind 
you
grind 
he/she/it
grind 
we
grind 
you
grind 
they
grind 

Past subjunctive

I
ground 
you
ground 
he/she/it
ground 
we
ground 
you
ground 
they
ground 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had ground 
you
had ground 
he/she/it
had ground 
we
had ground 
you
had ground 
they
had ground 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [grind]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
grind 
you
Let´s grind 
he/she/it
grind 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the irregular verb [grind]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
grinding 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
ground 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [grind]

grind away

grind down

grind on

grind out

grind up













Irregular verbs