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Conjugation of verb (past tense) astonish

Infinitive

astonish

/əˈstɒnɪʃ/

Past simple

astonished

/əˈstɒnɪʃ/

Past participle

astonished

/əˈstɒnɪʃ/





Conjugation of the regular verb [astonish]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.


The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.


Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an irregular verb.

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Present

I
astonish 
you
astonish 
he/she/it
astonishes 
we
astonish 
you
astonish 
they
astonish 

Present Continuous

I
am astonishing 
you
are astonishing 
he/she/it
is astonishing 
we
are astonishing 
you
are astonishing 
they
are astonishing 

Past simple

I
astonished 
you
astonished 
he/she/it
astonished 
we
astonished 
you
astonished 
they
astonished 

Past Continuous

I
was astonishing 
you
were astonishing 
he/she/it
was astonishing 
we
were astonishing 
you
were astonishing 
they
were astonishing 

Present perfect

I
have astonished 
you
have astonished 
he/she/it
has astonished 
we
have astonished 
you
have astonished 
they
have astonished 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been astonishing 
you
have been astonishing 
he/she/it
has been astonishing 
we
have been astonishing 
you
have been astonishing 
they
have been astonishing 

Past perfect

I
had astonished 
you
had astonished 
he/she/it
had astonished 
we
had astonished 
you
had astonished 
they
had astonished 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been astonishing 
you
had been astonishing 
he/she/it
had been astonishing 
we
had been astonishing 
you
had been astonishing 
they
had been astonishing 

Future

I
will astonish 
you
will astonish 
he/she/it
will astonish 
we
will astonish 
you
will astonish 
they
will astonish 

Future continuous

I
will be astonishing 
you
will be astonishing 
he/she/it
will be astonishing 
we
will be astonishing 
you
will be astonishing 
they
will be astonishing 

Future perfect

I
will have astonished 
you
will have astonished 
he/she/it
will have astonished 
we
will have astonished 
you
will have astonished 
they
will have astonished 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been astonishing 
you
will have been astonishing 
he/she/it
will have been astonishing 
we
will have been astonishing 
you
will have been astonishing 
they
will have been astonishing 

Conditional of the regular verb [astonish]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.


The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.


English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

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Conditional present

I
would astonish 
you
would astonish 
he/she/it
would astonish 
we
would astonish 
you
would astonish 
they
would astonish 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be astonishing 
you
would be astonishing 
he/she/it
would be astonishing 
we
would be astonishing 
you
would be astonishing 
they
would be astonishing 

Conditional perfect

I
would have astonished 
you
would have astonished 
he/she/it
would have astonished 
we
would have astonished 
you
would have astonished 
they
would have astonished 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been astonishing 
you
would have been astonishing 
he/she/it
would have been astonishing 
we
would have been astonishing 
you
would have been astonishing 
they
would have been astonishing 

Subjunktiv of the regular verb [astonish]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.


Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."


The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

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Present subjunctive

I
astonish 
you
astonish 
he/she/it
astonish 
we
astonish 
you
astonish 
they
astonish 

Past subjunctive

I
astonished 
you
astonished 
he/she/it
astonished 
we
astonished 
you
astonished 
they
astonished 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had astonished 
you
had astonished 
he/she/it
had astonished 
we
had astonished 
you
had astonished 
they
had astonished 

Imperativ of the regular verb [astonish]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

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Imperativ

I
astonish 
you
Let´s astonish 
he/she/it
astonish 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the regular verb [astonish]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

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Present participle

I
astonishing 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
astonished 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 













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