LEARNIV.com  >  en  >  English irregular verbs  >  break


Irregular verb (past tense) break

A2

Infinitive

break

[breɪk]

Past simple

broke

brake *

[brəʊk]
[breɪk]

Past participle

broken

broke *

[ˈbrəʊkən]
[brəʊk]


* This form is obsolete or used only in particular cases or dialects.


   
   


Related irregular verbs:

Infinitive

Past simple

Past participle

outbroke

outbroken

rebroke

rebroken


Conjugation of the irregular verb [break]

Conjugation is the creation of derived forms of a verb from its principal parts by inflection (alteration of form according to rules of grammar). For instance, the verb "break" can be conjugated to form the words break, breaks, broke, broken and breaking.

The term conjugation is applied only to the inflection of verbs, and not of other parts of speech (inflection of nouns and adjectives is known as declension). Also it is often restricted to denoting the formation of finite forms of a verb – these may be referred to as conjugated forms, as opposed to non-finite forms, such as the infinitive or gerund, which tend not to be marked for most of the grammatical categories.

Conjugation is also the traditional name for a group of verbs that share a similar conjugation pattern in a particular language (a verb class). A verb that does not follow all of the standard conjugation patterns of the language is said to be an {###} {####} irregular verb.

  ...   ... More information

Present

I
break 
you
break 
he/she/it
breaks 
we
break 
you
break 
they
break 

Present Continuous

I
am breaking 
you
are breaking 
he/she/it
is breaking 
we
are breaking 
you
are breaking 
they
are breaking 

Past simple

I
broke; brake 
you
broke; brake 
he/she/it
broke; brake 
we
broke; brake 
you
broke; brake 
they
broke; brake 

Past Continuous

I
was breaking 
you
were breaking 
he/she/it
was breaking 
we
were breaking 
you
were breaking 
they
were breaking 

Present perfect

I
have broken 
you
have broken 
he/she/it
has broken 
we
have broken 
you
have broken 
they
have broken 

Present perfect continuous

I
have been breaking 
you
have been breaking 
he/she/it
has been breaking 
we
have been breaking 
you
have been breaking 
they
have been breaking 

Past perfect

I
had broken 
you
had broken 
he/she/it
had broken 
we
had broken 
you
had broken 
they
had broken 

Past perfect continuous

I
had been breaking 
you
had been breaking 
he/she/it
had been breaking 
we
had been breaking 
you
had been breaking 
they
had been breaking 

Future

I
will break 
you
will break 
he/she/it
will break 
we
will break 
you
will break 
they
will break 

Future continuous

I
will be breaking 
you
will be breaking 
he/she/it
will be breaking 
we
will be breaking 
you
will be breaking 
they
will be breaking 

Future perfect

I
will have broken 
you
will have broken 
he/she/it
will have broken 
we
will have broken 
you
will have broken 
they
will have broken 

Future perfect continuous

I
will have been breaking 
you
will have been breaking 
he/she/it
will have been breaking 
we
will have been breaking 
you
will have been breaking 
they
will have been breaking 

Conditional of the irregular verb [break]

Causality (also referred to as causation or cause and effect) is influence by which one event, process, state or object (a cause) contributes to the production of another event, process, state or object (an effect) where the cause is partly responsible for the effect, and the effect is partly dependent on the cause. In general, a process has many causes, which are also said to be causal factors for it, and all lie in its past. An effect can in turn be a cause of, or causal factor for, many other effects, which all lie in its future.

The conditional mood (abbreviated cond) is a grammatical mood used in conditional sentences to express a proposition whose validity is dependent on some condition, possibly counterfactual.

English does not have an inflective (morphological) conditional mood, except in as much as the modal verbs could, might, should and would may in some contexts be regarded as conditional forms of can, may, shall and will respectively. What is called the English conditional mood (or just the conditional) is formed periphrastically using the modal verb would in combination with the bare infinitive of the following verb. (Occasionally should is used in place of would with a first person subject – see shall and will. Also the aforementioned modal verbs could, might and should may replace would in order to express appropriate modality in addition to conditionality.)

  ...   ... More information

Conditional present

I
would break 
you
would break 
he/she/it
would break 
we
would break 
you
would break 
they
would break 

Conditional present progressive

I
would be breaking 
you
would be breaking 
he/she/it
would be breaking 
we
would be breaking 
you
would be breaking 
they
would be breaking 

Conditional perfect

I
would have broken 
you
would have broken 
he/she/it
would have broken 
we
would have broken 
you
would have broken 
they
would have broken 

Conditional perfect progressive

I
would have been breaking 
you
would have been breaking 
he/she/it
would have been breaking 
we
would have been breaking 
you
would have been breaking 
they
would have been breaking 

Subjunktiv of the irregular verb [break]

The subjunctive is a grammatical mood, a feature of the utterance that indicates the speaker's attitude toward it. Subjunctive forms of verbs are typically used to express various states of unreality such as: wish, emotion, possibility, judgement, opinion, obligation, or action that has not yet occurred; the precise situations in which they are used vary from language to language. The subjunctive is one of the irrealis moods, which refer to what is not necessarily real. It is often contrasted with the indicative, a realis mood which is used principally to indicate that something is a statement of fact.

Subjunctives occur most often, although not exclusively, in subordinate clauses, particularly that-clauses. Examples of the subjunctive in English are found in the sentences "I suggest that you be careful" and "It is important that she stay by your side."

The subjunctive mood in English is a clause type used in some contexts which describe non-actual possibilities, e.g. "It's crucial that you be here" and "It's crucial that he arrive early." In English, the subjunctive is syntactic rather than inflectional, since there is no specifically subjunctive verb form. Rather, subjunctive clauses recruit the bare form of the verb which is also used in a variety of other constructions.

  ...   ... More information

Present subjunctive

I
break 
you
break 
he/she/it
break 
we
break 
you
break 
they
break 

Past subjunctive

I
broke; brake 
you
broke; brake 
he/she/it
broke; brake 
we
broke; brake 
you
broke; brake 
they
broke; brake 

Past perfect subjunctive

I
had broken 
you
had broken 
he/she/it
had broken 
we
had broken 
you
had broken 
they
had broken 

Imperativ of the irregular verb [break]

The imperative mood is a grammatical mood that forms a command or request.

An example of a verb used in the imperative mood is the English phrase "Go." Such imperatives imply a second-person subject (you), but some other languages also have first- and third-person imperatives, with the meaning of "let's (do something)" or "let them (do something)" (the forms may alternatively be called cohortative and jussive).

  ...   ... More information

Imperativ

I
break 
you
Let's break 
he/she/it
break 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Participle of the irregular verb [break]

In linguistics, a participle (ptcp) is a form of nonfinite verb that comprises perfective or continuative grammatical aspects in numerous tenses. A participle also may function as an adjective or an adverb. For example, in "boiled potato", boiled is the past participle of the verb boil, adjectivally modifying the noun potato; in "ran us ragged," ragged is the past participle of the verb rag, adverbially qualifying the verb ran.

  ...   ... More information

Present participle

I
breaking 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Past participle

I
broken; broke 
you
 
he/she/it
 
we
 
you
 
they
 

Phrasal verbs of the irregular verb [break]

break away

break down

break in

break into

break off

break open

break out

break through

break up













Irregular verbs